The Six Major Crises

Online Infringement

The distribution and publication of works in any form, without obtaining permission from the copyright owner, is considered “online infringement.” Netizens who upload, download, or forward materials without authorization have violated the “Copyright Regulations.”

Effects
1. Falling into the trap of illegal downloads
2. Weak awareness of protecting “intellectual property rights”
3. The threat of having computers exposed to viruses and spyware
Tips on respecting intellectual property
1. Respect the effort of the work creator
2. Use free resources that are approved by vendors
3. Download the trial version and then purchase the official version
4. Purchase the genuine versions of songs and movies
5. Understand the “Copyright Regulations” and avoid inadvertent violation of the law.
Online Safety

With the prevalence of the Internet, the risks of using the Internet have become more widespread (such as: malware, fake websites, and hackers). The chance of leaking personal information is getting higher. Therefore, more attention needs to be paid to whether online safety measures are sufficient.

Effects
1. Enabling computer viruses to harm the system
2. Tricked into fake websites and have personal data stolen
3. Computer and account numbers compromised by others
Tips on protecting online safety
1. Periodically update the operating system
2. Install and update antivirus software
3. Install and set up a firewall
4. Do not download pirated software
5. Avoid providing personal information or passwords on websites of unknown origin
Internet Pornography

There is a proliferation of Internet Pornography, which includes photo, video, and text materials that may have illegal components. The emergence of different apps has also increased susceptibility to the risk of cyber sex.

Effects
1. Easily warps values
2. Easily produces fantasies and even the mimicking of improper behavior
3. Uploading and downloading pornography may violate the Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles Ordinance
Tips on establishing correct knowledge
1. Install web filtering software to prevent being forwarded to pornography websites
2. Avoid uploading and downloading pornography-related materials
3. Refuse to warp values and behavior
4. Comply with teachers and learn knowledge from the correct education websites
5. Develop positive and diverse social activities
Cyber Bullying

Cyber bullying refers to a child or adolescent’s behavior of continuing to hurt, threaten, bother, and humiliate another child or adolescent in the form of words or images on the internet.

Effects
1. The victim shows symptoms such as anxiety and is afraid to interact with people or grades suffer.
2. The bully’s behavior may constitute a criminal offense. This affects social interactions and makes “the culture of cyber bullying” normal.
3. Spectators may feel insecure and anxious and hurt the victim a second time.
Tips on confronting cyber bullying
1. Stay calm, do not fight back, do not try to be brave
2. Change your online name, ask help from the website administrator, and temporarily leave
3. Increase privacy settings and block the relevant online friends
4. Keep evidence for follow up
5. Ask teachers and social workers for their suggestions and help
Self-protection methods
Top 10 Self-protecting methods confronting cyber-bullying vote
When confronted with cyber-bullying, most youths would feel helpless. If it was inadequately handled, inappropriately their emotion, study and social life would be affected. In worst case, it may deteriorate to mental health problems.
We had initiated a survey from December 2010 to January 2011 and gathered the most effective “Top 10 self-protecting methods confronting cyber-bullying” as recognized by the youths.
Number of voters: 246 secondary school students (Male: 140 Female: 106)
Date of collection of the survey: 12/2010 – 01/2011
Vote result

1st

82.9%

Do not casually put up personal information to avoid the leakage of information.

2nd

76.4%

Do not challenge others and cause public rage

3rd

67.5%

Do not “ADD” new friends casually.

4th

67.5%

Be cautious on your words and actions, avoid offensive acts.

5th

65.0%

Do not spread the rumours casually.

6th

65.4%

Be careful of the words used when leaving a comment online, avoid drawing attention to yourdself;

7th

63.8%

Do not scold others in the forum without knowing the full story.

8th

62.6%

Do not do offensive/ arrogant / shameless act in public.

9th

61.8%

Do not try to attack other on internet

10th

58.1%

Do not simply post the photos online.

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Making Online Friends

Making online friends refers to meeting friends through the online world (such as Facebook and forums) that you do not know in real life. Moreover, virtual communities refer to communities made up of people with similar interests or value orientations.

Effects
1. Weak awareness of risks and leaking private personal information
2. Making bad online friends by mistake and increasing the risk of being hurt
3. Judgment is easily affected by peer pressure from online friends
Tips on wisely choosing online friends
1. Clearly recognize the difference between real friends and making friends online
2. Increase privacy settings and avoid adding strangers as friends
3. Do not reveal or disclose private information and your whereabouts to online friends
4. Do not rush headlong into having video calls with online friends and even meeting up in person
5. Consider discussing with parents and friends first before meeting online friends and prepare an exit plan
Internet Addiction

Internet addiction refers to the strong desire to go online and putting that before everything else, and continuing to do so even if there are negative consequences. Previous attempts to control, reduce or stop internet use have been unsuccessful. One experiences satisfaction only by progressively increasing online time. Also, beginning to conceal internet use from others.

Effects
1. Reducing the time spent online will lead to anxiety, irritability, or depression
2. Situations appear of continued fatigue and dry eyes. Health and school are affected
3. No interest in previous hobbies, and even social interactions and normal life are affected
Tips on time management
1. Install the computer in a shared living area of at home
2. Set specific short-term and long-term goals for yourself
3. Set a time schedule and responsibly assign the priority and time for going online, reading, and other activities.
4. Actively participate in groups with organized and regular activities, such as 5. Boy Scouts/Girl Scouts and religious service
6. Establish diverse hobbies and maintain a healthy social life
Youth Internet Addiction Tool